«

»

Giu 01 2017

Stampa Articolo

ROBINSON CRUSOE

by Favaro Aurora 4H (scientifico)

Robinson Crusoe is Daniel Defoe’s masterpiece and was published in the 1719.

It’s the story of the youngest son of a merchant of German origins and it starts with an act of rebellion, in fact he goes against his family who wanted him to study law. So he leaves in a ship to see new worlds. But during the journey he has many adventures. The focus of the novel is his adventure in a completely desert island after a shipwreck. Crusoe, after few days of despair because he feels alone and miserable, collects his forces and starts to work to improve his situation. Defoe describes with great precision the routine that Crusoe gives himself; he builds a fenced-in shack and many items useful for his survival. He becomes a sort of master of the island where he is forced to live, he overcomes his initial feeling of helplessness in front of the untamed nature and working hard he turns into the ruler of the island. Even though he is in a wild place he doesn’t bend to animal instincts, but on the contrary he tries to make his life as close as possible to the normal life in a city, he works even if he has no boss and he keeps a diary in order not to lose the sense of time.

Through Robinson Crusoe’s story Defoe interprets British Imperialism, for this reason it’s very important the image of the fenced-in shack because it symbolizes the appropriation of a land typical of the conqueror’s mentality. This feature of the conqueror is emphasized also with the introduction of the figure of Friday. Friday is a black, twenty-six-year-old man native Caribbean and cannibal who becomes Crusoe’s servant after Crusoe saved his life when Friday was about to be eaten by other cannibals. Obviously Robinson thinks that Friday has to be his servant even because he considers him as an inferior man. In fact, their relationship is out of balance, for example Robinson always teaches Friday something about his Engindividual. But spending more and more time in loneliness Crusoe starts to show signs of neurosis, for example his habit of keeping a diary becomes an obsession because at a certain point he records the date on which he grinds his tools but not the date of a very important event like meeting Friday.

Eventually we can say that the greatness of this novel is that even though Robinson Crusoe belongs to the English society, Defoe represents “lights and shadows” which means both positive and negative aspects of the world in which he lived.lish culture, starting with his language then he converts Friday into a Christian, but he’s never interested in learning something from Friday or in seeing the world from Friday’s point of view. That’s because he believes, like all the other English people of his time, that the English race is the best and has the duty to civilize the savages.

Crusoe is nonetheless very interested in possessions, power, and prestige. When he first calls himself king of the island it seems happy, but when he must teach Friday some English the first word he teaches is “Master,” even before teaching him the words for “yes” or “no” as if Crusoe needs to hear the ego-boosting word spoken as soon as possible. Overall, Crusoe’s virtues tend to be private: his industry, resourcefulness and solitary courage make him an exemplary.

individual. But spending more and more time in loneliness Crusoe starts to show signs of neurosis, for example his habit of keeping a diary becomes an obsession because at a certain point he records the date on which he grinds his tools but not the date of a very important event like meeting Friday.

Eventually we can say that the greatness of this novel is that even though Robinson Crusoe belongs to the English society, Defoe represents “lights and shadows” which means both positive and negative aspects of the world in which he lived.


Permalink link a questo articolo: http://istitutobrunofranchetti.gov.it/giornalino/archives/7615